Gardening is an undertaking that requires a lot of planning and research. Where to begin? First, plan the design and decide on the plants. What would you prefer to have in your garden? Will it be a simple lawn or also fruits, vegetables, trees, shrubs, or flowers? A lawn would be boring without all the wonderful plants you could add, wouldn't it? When choosing the plants, consider the complexity of their maintenance and whether your terrain can accommodate the plants of your choice.
Once the plan is ready, it's time to get rid of the weeds, level the soil and start planting. The easiest way to get rid of annual and perennial weeds on a neglected lawn is by mowing it regularly. But first, what are annuals and perennials, and what is the difference between the two?
Annuals are plants with a life cycle of under a year. For example, the plant sprouts from a seed in the spring and blooms in early summer. In autumn, the seeds fall and the plant dies. Annuals include weed (for example, bindweed) and flowers (for example, marigolds). Perennials live for several years. Their stems die in the winter, but the roots remain and start to form new shoots in the spring. Here are a few examples of perennials: daisies, iris, and wormwood.
If you start mowing a neglected lawn once a week, you will eventually get rid of the majority of annual weeds and minimize the spread of perennial weeds. The grass will grow again, but the cut weeds won't be able to bloom and germinate.
Other ways to get rid of weeds are: weeding, sifting the soil, and using weed-killers. Note: if you are pulling weeds with seeds, try not to shake the seeds off. To get rid of roots and pebbles in the soil, sift the soil using special gardening tools and equipment. Sifting is laborious, but it creates great soil for gardening - weed-free and loose, perfect for plants and lawn grasses.
The next step is to level the soil. This can be done using a rake and hand-roller. Note: an uneven lawn will create problems later, so do get rid of any bumps and fill the hollows.
Now you can start planting. Prior to starting, consider how high and wide the mature plant will be. When planting next to trees, remember that the crown will shade the plants underneath. If you are digging planting holes in the ready lawn, place some plastic sheeting around them to protect the lawn. You can place the soil that you dig out on the sheeting and it will be more convenient to fill back in. Then you can dispose of any excessive soil easily.
When digging planting holes, measure the root and dig a hole of the same width as the root, but about one third deeper. Be sure to check how deep to plant. Place the plant in the hole, place some fertile soil around the root, apply pressure and pour some water on top. When the water absorbs, fill the rest of the hole with soil and apply pressure again. In the first month after planting, water the seedling a few times a week. Start fertilizing the soil around it in about a month, when it acclimates.