Pre-construction planning for residential and commercial building projects is very important and saves money in the long term. During this phase the project’s budget, time frame and construction techniques will be established. Detailed estimates and analysis of the project including choosing the right material, equipment, and building systems for the project will be determined. Basic carpentry skills are needed for residential and commercial building and renovation. The carpenter needs to be able to layout the building site, determine the site excavation, concrete footing, be able to build wall forms, as well as frame in floors, walls, and roofs. The carpenter needs to be knowledgeable and skilled in construction techniques that conform to standard building codes.
There are a variety of construction projects from small to large. These can include building sidewalks, steps, small homes, executive homes, apartment complexes, office buildings, municipal buildings, retail stores and more.
Residential commercial building follows certain construction techniques related to the foundation, frame and roof. The foundation supports the weight of the house and provides a level surface to build on. Foundations can be made of concrete, block, or brick and are built on poured in place footings or piers. Most foundations have concrete slabs poured on top of the foundations and have poured footers. Wood framed construction is the most common type of residential construction technique for the frame of the building. Wooden boards or steel making up the frame are placed close together and walls are placed around the frame in layers with a protective exterior sheathing, middle insulation layer and an inside wall. Timber framing where boards are placed father apart and a sheetrock inside wall is also common. For roofing, there are a variety of styles and materials available. Roofing materials include shingles, tin, and rubber. Shingles can be made of asphalt or other materials like wood.
Considerations for residential and commercial building projects include materials, cost, time, and quality. Materials used in projects are usually available in the area. Cost is often determined on a per square foot basis. Cost of construction can vary widely from area to area and are contingent on site conditions, area specific building codes, type of construction, and availability of workers.
The trend today is to use “green” building techniques and technology. The emphasis is on environmental responsibility and using methods of construction that improve efficiency and reduce waste. Green technologies attempt to reduce the impact of new construction on the natural environment. Green buildings are constructed to reduce energy use and increase water efficiency through design and materials used in the construction. Attention is given to the site and structure design efficiency, indoor air quality, and waste reduction. Cost is one of the biggest drawbacks in “green” construction. “Green” construction techniques tend to cost more in the beginning, but over time will save the homeowners money in bills for heating, water, and energy.
When choosing a construction company, keep in mind that knowledge and experience count. No matter how large or small the residential or commercial building project is, contractors need to be up to date on the latest construction techniques and able to communicate progress with their clients. It is important to choose a company that can deliver results on time and within budget as well. Strong, skilled, professional contractors build superior structures.