While there is currently no federal energy efficiency projects, many states across the country are creating standards and encouraging residents, businesses, industries, schools, and government agencies to invest in this type of program to mitigate harmful environmental consequences of power production and consumption and to save money during a time when costs are escalating.
States organize and promote energy efficiency projects in order to assist commercial businesses, farms and industrial operations in more fully understanding the demand and uses for power sources.
Measures to reduce demand and conserve power reduce expenses and enhance companies' competitive position within their respective markets. These programs often contain a component that advocates for the development and implementation of alternative energy and use throughout the state.
The state typically oversees the success rate of its initiated power saving programs by providing measurable and reliable data regarding the affect of commercial and industrial power use. It may also explore and promote financial motivators to promote implementation of technologies that save resources and costs.
Residential power consumers are also frequently included in states' energy efficiency projects. The initiatives may promote reduction and conservation as well as residential use of alternative power sources in homes through the exchange of information.
Many states also have programs that assist low income households with weatherization assistance programs to cut back on utility expenses and reduce health and property risks of customers who qualify as low income.
These weatherization programs often include partnerships with community-based agencies who may contribute funding, materials, supplies and labor to help low income households complete energy efficiency projects at home.
Assistance to low income customers has a public benefit as well as a benefit to the individual homeowner. These types of programs help families cut back on the amount of power they use and support local economies.
Weatherization as an energy efficiency project increases payment of utility bills and reduces the need for assistance from public and private sources. States that offer low income weatherization to households also reduce pollutants that are generated by the burning of fossil fuels to create electricity.
Some states that offer programs targeted at conservation and reduction of power demand also work closely with schools and local governments to develop and implement programs that address innovative ways to save on electricity and gas consumption and integrate renewable power sources.
Loans may be made available to help finance these types of implementations and the state government may partner with school districts to promote use of alternative fuels for school buses and other vehicles. State programs may also include performing audits on state agencies, completing efficiency upgrades, and creating strategies for public facilities.
States that offer energy efficiency projects invest in the public information and education component of the initiative to disseminate broad customer and technological information.
States create vehicles to inform citizens about demand and usage reduction and alternatives to traditional energy sources to reduce expenses and protect the environment as well as providing communications tools for the informational and educational efforts.
The state assumes responsibility for measuring the affect of procedures on local supply and considers how these programs will positively impact the public's health and wellbeing.