All Saints Church
All Saints Church
It was built around 1696 and is located above the Husbandry Gate. At the beginning of the 20th century the interior was decorated with pictorial and ornamental oil paintings. Fragments of 17th century paintings have been uncovered. It contains a carved and gilded wood iconostasis from the 18th century and is considered one of the finest monuments of Ukrainian Baroque architecture.
Pechersk Lavra is the monastery which made Kyiv the “Rome” of Orthodox Christianity and received pilgrims from all over Europe. Its territory contains not only churches, towers, and an underground cave system but also some of Kyiv’s most interesting museums.
I wasn’t able to see everything due to a lack of time. There were so many churches, chapels, caves, and museums to explore! I did get into one of the caves (no photos allowed), several of the churches, the Museum of Microminiature, and the State Museum of Ukrainian Decorative Art.
The Lavra—or the largest monastery—was founded in 1051 to spread the newly-adopted Christian religion throughout Kyivan Rus. Monks worshiped, lived, and were buried in caves, where a cool and humid atmosphere enabled their bodies to mummify naturally. This apparent miracle further enhanced the monastery’s reputation.
The Lavra became a leading religious and cultural focal point of Eastern Europe in the 12th century. Studios for icon painting and the creation of mosaics served many Kyiv churches, and a scriptorium oversaw translating of foreign literature into Slavic. The influential Slavic history “The Chronicle of Bygone Years” was written here by the historian Nestor. Other notable features include the burial site of Yuri Dolgorukiy, the founder of Moscow, and the 18th-century bell tower, the highest in Ukraine.